Mrs. Saloua Ferjani
Architect-urban planner Doctor in Heritage Sciences,
Assistant Professor at the National School of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tunis.
Coordinator of the Master in Urban Planning and Development
Member of the Master's committee in Urban Planning and Development
Former Member of the L.A.A.M Research Laboratory (2012-2022)
According to World Bank reports, 56% of the world’s population, or 4.4 billion people, live in cities. This trend will continue: by 2050, with the current number of city dwellers doubling, almost seven out of ten people in the world will live in urban areas.
In Tunisia, between 2008 and 2018, the urbanization rate increased from 66% to 69% with three major characteristics: first of all the primacy of the capital Tunis, then the weakness of medium-sized cities and finally the plethora of small towns.
Despite the historical, natural and urban potential of Tunisian cities, their current form escapes any form of control. On the contrary, the inventory shows a high consumption of agricultural space, an alteration of urban and rural landscapes, a disruption of land structures, a strong additional demand for housing, without prior consideration of the services and infrastructure necessary for proper functioning. cities. This chaotic state is further aggravated by problems of traffic, pollution, energy consumption and social inequalities.
All experts agree on the gap between our urban policies, our planning tools and the reality on the ground. They wondered how Tunisian cities with their diversity, their differences and their realities can rise to the challenge and be inclusive, resilient and bearers of a charter of values. How the participatory approach can be an alternative for reconciliation between the designed and the lived. How can it put people at the center of the concerns of politicians, planners and city managers for a better quality of life and to preserve their dignity and security.